Pragmatism

Keyword: Pragmatism


News | Posted 10/07/2017
Cognitio: Revista de Filosofia v. 18 n.1, 2017

Published by the Center for Studies in Pragmatism, under the Program of Post-Graduate Studies in Philosophy of the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (PUC-SP), Cognitio is a philosophy journal centered on themes primarily akin to classical Pragmatism. Cognitio proposes to publish articles, essays and papers by Brazilian and foreign researchers, thus providing a space for fertile dialogue and discussion of ideas between national and international philosophical communities. It is therefore open to a wide range of contributions and approaches, which in some way touch on the theoretical universe of Pragmatism as it relates to the theory of knowledge, semiotics, logic, the philosophy of language, ethics, and metaphysics. Still in the realm of this project, Cognitio also intends to publish interviews, reviews, translations, and news, among other contributions. And, further, to establish a link with foreign journals, through an interchange system.

News | Posted 26/04/2017
17th International Meeting on Pragmatism

The Center for Pragmatism Studies (CPS) of PUC-SP, is now calling for submissions of abstracts for the 17th International Meeting on Pragmatism, to be held at the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo, SP, Brazil, 6-9, November, 2017.

The International Meetings on Pragmatism have been over the years regarded as one of the most important international references for researches, debates and dissemination of papers on the philosophical school known as Pragmatism, with emphasis on Classical Pragmatism that emerged in the United States in the 19th Century, but not losing sight of contemporary approaches to it. The Meetings have also fostered a prolific dialogue with the History of Philosophy in the fields of metaphysics, epistemology, logic, philosophy of language and semiotics, ethics and aesthetics.

The 17th International Meeting on Pragmatism will host lectures given by world-renowned researchers. The communications sessions will have papers previous selected by the scientific committee of the event. In a strict sense, the event aims at philosophy professors and graduate students in philosophy; in a wider sense, at professors and graduate students in related fields, as well as undergraduate students of philosophy and humanities.

Article in Journal | Posted 13/03/2017
De Regt, Herman C. (1999). Peirce's Pragmatism, Scientific Realism, and the Problem of Underdetermination
Discusses the views of philosopher Charles Peirce on pragmatism, scientific realism and the problem of underdetermination. Details on Peirce's notion of abduction and its relation to scientific realism; Defense presented by Peirce regarding the theory of scientific realism; Information on the underdetermination of theory by data as the main threat to realism.
Article in Journal | Posted 13/03/2017
Apel, Karl-Otto (2001). Pragmatism as Sense-Critical Realism Based on a Regulative Idea of Truth: In Defense of a Peircean Theory of Reality and Truth
Examines a pragmatist theory of reality and truth according to philosopher Charles Peirce. Analysis of idealizations in the theory of Peirce; Significance of the revocation of the consensus theory of truth by philosopher Jürgen Habermas to the interpretation of Peirce's version of pragmatism; Discussion on the connection between knowable reality and truth-capability of thought.
Article in Journal | Posted 13/03/2017
Hookway, Christopher (2002). "...a sort of composite photograph": Pragmatism, Ideas, and Schematism
Examines a selection of passages in which Charles Peirce uses the concept of a composite photograph in order to explain the nature of how general terms and concepts function. Role of the concept in Peirce's defense of his pragmatism; Features that composite photographs must possess if they are to meet Peirce's philosophical needs.
Article in Journal | Posted 13/03/2017
Pape, Helmut (2002). Pragmatism and the Normativity of Assertion
Asserts that the idealistic sequentialism of C.S. Peirce is internally related to his view that the semantics of assertions and inferences has an irreducible normative and social side. Form taken by the reconstruction of the normativity of belief in his pragmatism; Logical connection between beliefs and their practical consequences; Link between pragmatism and the normativity of assertion.
News | Posted 03/02/2017
Summer school: 'Pragmatisme et philosophie américaine aux 20ème et 21ème siècles'

Ecole thématique CNRS
Appel à participation

Pragmatisme et philosophie américaine aux 20ème et 21ème siècles

Centre Paul Langevin - Aussois
29 mai 3 juin 2017

L’école thématique est organisé avec le soutiens financier du CNRS. Elle bénéficie en outre du soutien scientifique de Pragmata - association d’études pragmatistes.

Comité d’organisation: Daniel Cefaï (EHESS), Roberto Frega (CNRS), Mathias Girel (ENS Paris), Sandra Laugier (Paris 1), Stéphane Madelrieux (Lyon 3), Pierre Steiner (UTC Compiègne).

Projet scientifique
L’école thématique se propose d’approfondir la connaissance du pragmatisme américain, à travers l’étude de ses composantes internes ainsi que des rapports historiques et conceptuels que, au cours du 20ème siècle, il a noué avec d’autres traditions philosophiques Etats-uniennes et Européennes. Depuis déjà trois décennies le pragmatisme américain connaît un regain d’intérêt croissant partout dans le monde, y compris en Europe. Cette école thématique s’inscrit dans cette tendance et vise à présenter des travaux originaux de recherche ainsi qu’à offrir une formation de fond sur des auteurs et thèmes plus classiques.
Par pragmatisme nous entendons avant tout le courant de philosophie qui s’est développé aux États-Unis à cheval entre la fin du 19ème et le début du 20ème siècle, dont les représentants les plus connus sont C. S. Peirce, W. James, J. Dewey et G. H. Mead. Compte tenu de la situation décrite ci-dessus, l’école sera organisée autour de cinq axes explorés à partir d'une perspective historique et théorique. La dimension historique visera à explorer les ressources conceptuelles développées par les pères fondateurs du mouvement, en focalisant l’attention sur les catégories les plus transversales du pragmatisme. L’axe théorique se concentrera plutôt sur les usages contemporains du pragmatisme, sur certaines des formes de son appropriation, et sur les transformations subies par ces concepts du fait des évolutions théoriques et disciplinaires.
Axes thématiques:
1) La philosophie américaine avant et après le pragmatisme: le transcendantalisme, l’empirisme logique, la philosophie analytique américaine, la philosophie post-analytique.
2) Concepts-clefs du pragmatisme (ex. : expérience, enquête, public, etc.) : formation de ces concepts, usages contemporains dans des recherches originales. L’école thématique sera le lieu pour transmettre et discuter des résultats de ce travail en vue de constituer un langage commun pour la philosophie et les sciences sociales.
3) Réceptions et usages philosophiques en Europe : querelles du pragmatisme (instrumentalisme, conventionnalisme) et du modernisme au début du 20ème siècle, bergsonisme, confrontation avec la philosophie analytique (Russell) ; controverse du post-modernisme (Rorty), renouveau de la critique sociale (Habermas, Honneth), développement de métaphysiques pluralistes (Deleuze), couplage phénoménologie/pragmatisme dans le tournant pragmatiste des sciences cognitives, etc.
4) Interdisciplinarités: réception et usages du pragmatisme dans les sciences sociales au 20ème siècle, notamment par rapport à la sociologie, les études politiques et l’économie. Cet axe entend explorer les différentes démarches méthodologiques caractéristiques du pragmatisme en passant par le modèle généalogique en philosophique, l’ethnographie en sociologie, l’analyse des conséquences en théorie politique.
5) Influences et emprunts dans la philosophie sociale et politique: nous prendrons la philosophie sociale et politique comme étude de cas. Il s’agira de montrer la circulation entre concepts, les influences et les emprunts qui ont été faits d’un coté et d’autre de l’Atlantique sur une période qui couvre l’ensemble du 20ème siècle

Organisation pédagogique
L’école se déroulera selon un modèle de formation à la recherche par la recherche. Les enseignements seront assurés par plusieurs spécialistes du domaine en provenance de France et d’autres pays d’Europe. La plupart des enseignements seront en français.
Une place importante sera donnée à la présentation et discussion des recherches en cours des participants, notamment à partir d’ateliers doctoraux dans lesquels des doctorants et jeunes docteurs présenteront leurs travaux en cours pour montrer différentes manières de construire un projet de recherche inspiré par le pragmatisme:
Le modèle pédagogique choisi prévoit trois modalités principales:
(a) Des sessions plénières avec cours magistraux;
(b) des sessions séminariales de présentation de travaux en cours avec discussion ;
(c) Des ateliers doctoraux

Modalités de participation
30 places sont disponibles.
La participation à l’école thématique est soumise à sélection.
L’école s’adresse à des étudiants en philosophie et/ou en sciences sociales ayant déjà suivi une formation de base sur les thématiques qui seront les objets d’intervention et désirant approfondir cette thématique. Plutôt que de prévoir des séances spécifiques de mise à niveau, nous comptons nous appuyer sur des méthodes coopératives d’apprentissage afin de faciliter l’apprentissage des participants. La nature interdisciplinaire des sessions, le choix de formes d’enseignement basées sur la discussion (présence constante d’un discutant pour chaque intervention) ainsi que la participation de chercheurs juniors et seniors permettront à chacun de développer son propre parcours d’apprentissage par la recherche, s’appuyant sur les connaissances mises à disposition par ses partenaires.
Un niveau bac + 3 est demandé.

Dates
L’appel à participation est ouvert jusqu’au 03 mars 2017.
Les résultats seront connus avant le 1er avril 2017.

Critères de sélection
La sélection effectuée par le comité d’organisation se fera sur dossier. Un CV et une lettre de motivation limitée à trois pages sont exigés.
Le dossier devra souligner votre motivation à participer, notamment en terme de rapports entre vos recherches -- en cours ou à venir -- et l’objet de l’école thématique, ainsi que votre connaissance préalable dans le domaine. Une connaissance de la langue française suffisante pour participer activement aux discussions est demandée, une connaissance intermédiaire de la langue anglaise est souhaitée.

Frais d’inscription
Les frais d’inscription couvrent la participation à l’ensemble des séances de la semaine, ainsi que les repas et l’hébergement sur place (seul le transport est à la charge des participants). Ils sont versés à l’issue des sélections.
Tarifs:
Personnels CNRS (tout statut) : gratuit
Doctorants : 300 € TTC
Personnels établissements publics (universités, organismes de recherche) : 600 € TTC
Personnels établissements privés : 800 € TTC

Les membres de l’association Pragmata bénéficient de 10 % de réduction.

Les frais d’inscriptions incluent l’hébergement en pension complète du 29 mai au soir jusqu’au 3 juin matin, la participation à l’école et le matériel pédagogique.
Les frais de transports sont exclus.

Contacts: Roberto Frega - fregarob [at] gmail.com

News | Posted 22/01/2017
EJPAP 8(2): Pragmatism and the Writing of History

The European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy vol.8, issue 2, has been published
Includes a symposium on "Pragmatism and the Writing of History", an article on Royce's influence on Peirce, and an interview with André De Tienne of the Peirce Edition Project

News | Posted 16/01/2017
Pragmatism and the Analytic – Continental Split

Invited Speakers (in alphabetical order):

  • Dr. Michael Bacon (Royal Holloway)
  • Prof. Shannon Dea (University of Waterloo)
  • Prof. Christopher Hookway (University of Sheffield)
  • Prof. Christopher Norris (Cardiff University)
  • Dr. Komarine Romdenh-Romluc (University of Sheffield)
  • Prof. Robert Stern (University of Sheffield)
  • Prof. Robert Talisse (Vanderbilt University)
  • Prof. James Williams (Deakin University)

We are pleased to invite abstracts for submission to the upcoming “Pragmatism and the Analytic – Continental Split” conference, to be held at the University of Sheffield on the 9th – 11th of August 2017. The conference will explore the pragmatist tradition in philosophy and its relation to the divide between analytic and continental philosophy.

Like the analytic and continental traditions, pragmatism developed around the turn of the 20th century. The early pragmatists influenced (and were influenced by) the founding thinkers on both sides of the divide, and their work contains elements which both the analytic and the continental traditions can recognise. Charles S. Peirce, for instance, developed a first-order logic alongside a sophisticated general theory of signs. James’s detailed phenomenological analyses of experiences and late metaphysical speculations have resonances within the continental tradition, whilst his philosophy of mind and meta-philosophical reflections have been taken up within the analytic tradition. In the next generation, figures such Jane Addams, John Dewey, and Alain Locke saw in pragmatism a way to use philosophy for educational and political uses, and rejected the elitism and intellectualism they saw infecting philosophy of all kinds. Contemporary pragmatists can be found on both sides of the supposed split.

Consequently, pragmatism provides a unique lens through which to view the analytic – continental split. Some have hoped that pragmatism might provide a kind of “bridge” between the two traditions, whereas others have suggested that the best aspects of pragmatism can be assimilated to one side or the other. Still others have suggested that pragmatism represents a unique option, irreducible and perhaps even superior to either side.

We invite submissions of abstracts on the conference topic, of up to 500 words (for some ideas on possible topics, see below). We welcome speakers from all traditions within philosophy, and from areas of cross-disciplinary interest. Speakers will be allowed approximately 20 minutes for presentation, followed by 10 minutes of questions.

For more information, please visit our website pacsconf.weebly.com or email us at pacsconf [at] gmail.com.

Submissions: We will be accepting abstracts of up to 500 words. Please prepare abstracts for blind review, and send to pacsconf [at] gmail.com by the 16th of April. Formats preferred are .doc, .pdf, or .txt. Cover sheets should include your name, email address, institutional affiliation, and the title of your proposed paper.

Important Dates:

Deadline for submissions: 16th of April 2017 Notification of acceptance: by 5th of June 2017 Date of conference: 9th – 11th of August 2017

Possible topics include:

  • Early analytic and continental responses to pragmatism
  • Pragmatism’s influence on analytic or continental philosophy
  • Pragmatism and Critical Theory
  • Relations to idealism in the three traditions
  • Phenomenology in pragmatist inquiry
  • Post-structuralism and pragmatism
  • Semiotic analysis in the three traditions
  • The importance of language in philosophical methodology
  • The types and importance of “experience” in the three traditions
  • The types and importance of “realism” in the three traditions
  • The place of metaphysics in philosophical inquiry
  • The role of the community in philosophical inquiry
  • The possibility of normative inquiry
  • Philosophy’s relation to science
  • Should philosophy be useful?
News | Posted 05/01/2017
CFP: Eco and Pragmatism

EJPAP X, 1, 2018 – CALL FOR PAPERS

ECO AND PRAGMATISM
European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy, Volume 10, No 1, 2018
Guest Editor: Claudio Paolucci

EJPAP shall devote a special issue of the journal to Umberto Eco’s pragmatism.

As is known, the relation with Pragmatism was at the core of Eco’s aesthetics, semiotics, epistemology, and it was also a pivotal feature of his theory of culture as developed in over fifty years of philosophical and non-philosophical work.

Eco’s philosophy and semiotics were inspired by C.S. Peirce’s pragmatism, and his theoretical debts to Peirce are scattered throughout his work. Moreover, his entire theoretical production shows an unequivocal pragmatist mark, and many of his considerations on meaning, text, and interpretation have recognizable pragmatist outcomes.

Therefore, EJPAP welcomes the submission of papers dealing with the following topics:

– Eco, Peirce, and Pragmatism
As said, throughout his many writings Eco often took Peirce’s thought as a point of reference. Moreover, and perhaps even more interestingly, Eco’s considerations embody insightful reassessments or new formulations of pragmatist themes. Thus, EJPAP welcomes the submission of papers on the relation between Eco and the pragmatist philosophers he took inspiration from. Papers on Eco’s pragmatist answers to the various philosophical problems are welcomed as well.

– Aesthetics and Pragmatism
In his philosophical autobiography, Eco reminded that the reading of Dewey’s Art and Experiencerepresented a fundamental experience for him, since it fostered his departure from Croce’s aesthetics, which was prevailing at that time. EJPAP welcomes contributions investigating the relation between Aesthetics and Pragmatism, with reference to Eco’s philosophical and non-philosophical work alike.

– Interpretation, Action, and Cognition
The most important feature of the relation between Eco’s thought and pragmatist philosophy probably hinges on Eco dialogue with Peirce’s over the issues of interpretation and cognition. According to Eco, as well to Peirce, thinking and knowing are complex forms of mediated action, performed thanks to the filtering of interpretants. Papers on the relation between action, interpretation and cognition are thus welcomed – in particular, papers focused on the relation between Pragmatism and Semiotics.

– Textuality, Translation, and Interpretation
In virtue of the pivotal relevance of the category of “mediation”, interpreted as a “sign”, Eco put a lot of effort into the elaboration of a textual pragmatics inspired by pragmatism. Books as Lector in fabula (The Role of the Reader), I limiti dell’interpretazione (The Limitis of Interpretation), and Dire quasi la stessa cosa (Experiences in Translation) are the direct fruits of this very project. According to Eco, texts are units of mediation through which we have access to reality. For Eco, the way we deal with the interpretation of texts is grounded in pragmatist principles, such as “economical criteria”, the relation between intention operis and intention lectoris, and the critical handling of the interpretative habits needed to guide our semantic perception. Works that aim to deepen the pragmatist outcomes of Eco’s considerations on textuality, translation and interpretation will then be considered as well.

– Pragmatist philosophy and novels
In his novels, Eco is renewed to stage various “theoretical tangles” that cannot be dealt with the language of theory. This is clearly expressed by the famous imperative with which Il nome della rosa (The Name of the Rose) begins: “Whereof one cannot theorize, thereof one must narrate”. EJPAP welcomes the submission of papers aimed at deepening this further aspect of Eco’s thought.

Papers submission deadline: 20/08/2017. Acceptance will be notified by 20/09/2017.
Papers should be sent to c.paolucci [at] unibo.it

Article in Journal | Posted 22/12/2016
Bergman, Mats (2016). Melioristic inquiry and critical habits: Pragmatism and the ends of communication research
In communication theory, the distinctive contribution of pragmatism is often construed in terms of providing a comprehensive orientation to inquiry. In this article, I argue that this appropriation, plausible as it is, has been partly hampered by a neglect of significant tensions between different pragmatist conceptions of inquiry, rooted in the philosophies of Peirce and Dewey. I identify a number of central commonalities and divergences between these viewpoints, focusing on the question of the aims of inquiry. The undeniable points of difference include core issues such as the significance of truth and the social-melioristic motives for inquiry. Yet, the article finds that the gaps between the pragmatists are not as wide and debilitating as they may at first appear; and a closer consideration of the implications of these fissures can actually be beneficial for the development of a more nuanced and robust pragmatist framework for social research. At the centre of this reconstruction is a minimal-meliorist conception of inquiry understood as habit-formation and habit-modification. I conclude the article with a brief review of the alleged critical deficit in pragmatism, and suggest some distinctive ways in which the classical pragmatists can contribute to critical communication inquiry.
Monograph | Posted 02/08/2016
Heney, Diana B. (2016). Toward a Pragmatist Metaethics

In our current social landscape, moral questions―about economic disparity, disadvantaging biases, and scarcity―are rightly receiving attention with a sense of urgency. This book argues that classical pragmatism offers a compelling and useful account of our engagement with moral life. The key arguments are first, that a broader reading of the pragmatist tradition than is usually attempted within the context of ethical theory is necessary; and second, that this broad reading offers resources that enable us to move forward in contemporary debates about truth and principles in moral life. The first argument is made by demonstrating that there is an arc of theoretical unity that stretches from two key founders of pragmatism―Charles Sanders Peirce and William James―through the work of John Dewey and Clarence Irving Lewis. The second argument is made by engaging with contemporary debates concerning the truth-status of the judgments and assertions made in ordinary moral discourse, as well as the role and nature of moral principles. Toward a Pragmatist Metaethics will be of interest to scholars of American philosophy, American intellectual history, and moral and political theorists, as well as anyone interested in the contours and demands of shared moral discourse.

News | Posted 16/06/2016
Pragmatism, 4E cognitive science, and the sociality of human conduct

Call for participants

Pragmatism is receiving sustained attention in the cognitive science. Recent works have emphasized the proximities between embodied, enactive, extended, and embedded accounts of cognition and classical pragmatist theories, such as Peirce’s, James’, Dewey’s and Mead’s. Since ten years now, Jerry Fodor, one of the main proponents of classical (symbolic-computational) cognitive science, also considers what he loosely calls “pragmatism” as being the main alternative to classical cognitive science.
Still, it would be reductive to limit the relevance of pragmatism for contemporary cognitive science to its criticism of representationalism and internalism, and to its insights on the constitutive role of action in cognition, on the need to consider perception as a sensorimotor phenomenon, or on the primacy of organism-environment transactions for understanding experience and knowledge. Indeed, for classical pragmatists, human conduct was social through and through. Sociality is not made up of interactions between preexisting individuals; it is a pervasive component of how we perceive, act, reason and think.
The aim of this conference is to tackle the topic of the proximities (or differences) between pragmatism and post-cognitivist cognitive science from this very issue of sociality. How much can and/or should Dewey’s or Mead’s social psychologies and, more broadly, pragmatist ideas on situated interactions, meaning, institutions, normativity, democracy and culture be imported in current debates regarding the scope and the challenges faced by 4E cognition, notably in the field of social cognition (joint action, shared attention, collective behaviour, empathy,…)? More broadly, can the rediscovery of pragmatism in cognitive science act as an opportunity for reconsidering the relations between cognitive sciences and social sciences? This conference will gather philosophers, cognitive scientists and social scientists for addressing these questions.
The conference is part of a joint research program organized in partnership with the University of Parma, aimed at exploring the viability of pragmatism as an alternative to classical cognitive science, and the prospects of an interdisciplinary pragmatist approach for the renewal of social theory. A second international conference will take place in Parma, Italy, in the Spring 2017.

Confirmed speakers:
Vittorio Gallese (Università di Parma)
Mark Johnson (University of Oregon)
Matthias Jung (Universität Koblenz)
Charles Lenay (Université de Compiègne)
Roman Mazdia (Universität Koblenz)
Jean-Michel Roy (ENS Lyon)
Tybor Solymosi (Mercyhurst University)
Italo Testa (Università di Parma)

Organizers: Roberto Frega (IMM-CNRS), Pierre Steiner (COSTECH/UTC).

We invite proposals for oral communications (45 minutes, including discussion). Abstracts of 400-500 words should be sent to organizers no later than July 31, 2016. Acceptance will be notified before September 15th 2016. There are no registration fees; but selected participants will have to cover their travel and staying costs by themselves.

The conference is organized with the financial support of CNRS.
Any question should be addressed to one of the two organizers, Roberto Frega (fregarob [at] gmail.com) or Pierre Steiner (pfcsteiner [at] gmail.com)

News | Posted 29/03/2016
Pragmatism Today: Perspectives on Cognition, Education and Society

"…we are doubtless far from realizing the potential capacity of education as a constructive agency of improving society", John Dewey wrote in Democracy and Education (1916).

Celebrating the centennial of Dewey’s classic, we hereby invite scholars to meet and debate the status of pragmatism today and how pragmatism has influenced and still influences educational theory and practice. Overall issues are how pragmatic approaches to education have contributed to the improvement of society and whether pragmatic approaches to cognition and society have contributed to the improvement of education.

Key notes: Mark Johnson, Andrea English, Norbert Wiley
Registration deadline: November 13, 2016
Organizers: Danish School of Education, Aarhus University, Denmark

Manuscript | Posted 26/03/2016
Peirce, Charles S. (1905). Valency. MS [R] 1041

Robin Catalogue:
A. MS., n.p., [1905], pp. 1-26, with 6 pp. of variants.
CSP sets out to discuss “the mode of composition of ideas,” developing an analogy between simple ideas and chemical elements.

Article in Journal | Posted 25/03/2016
Forster, Paul (2003). The Logic of Pragmatism: A Neglected Argument for Peirce's Pragmatic Maxim
Demonstrates the importance of Charles Peirce's early work in logic to his discovery of the pragmatic maxim. Background on Peirce's essay "How to Make Our Ideas Clear"; Insights of Peirce regarding the birth of pragmatism; Principles of the pragmatic maxim, according to Peirce; Factors that constitute the identity of a symbol.
Dictionary Entry | Posted 23/03/2016
Quote from "Syllabus: Syllabus of a course of Lectures at the Lowell Institute beginning 1903, Nov. 23. On Some Topics of Logic"

…one of the most solid principles of common sense is that when we begin any serious undertaking we ought to do so deliberately. Now this deliberation consists in making out as well as we can what the upshot of our efforts is likely to be. I propose to show the Pragmatism is nothing but deliberation so conceived. [—] In the operations of reflection which make the warp and woof of philosophical inquiry, the method of Pragmatism is to consider what thought is for, and to take no step in reflection that is not required by that purpose. No more definite statement of the distinctive character of Pragmatistic Philosophy is possible until we can examine into Thought and see what it does. That is to say that Pragmatism first of all requires us to begin philosophical reflection with the study of Phenomenology.

Keywords:
Article in Journal | Posted 17/03/2016
Aikin, Scott F., Talisse, Robert B. (2016). Pragmatism and Pluralism Revisited
In 2005, we published a jointly authored article arguing that pragmatists must reject pluralism. As certain pragmatists describe themselves as pluralists, the essay received its share of criticism; however, no response has succeeded in defeating the essay’s argument. Nonetheless, contemporary classical pragmatists persist in embracing the term. Something’s amiss. In this article, we defend a conclusion that differs importantly from that of the 2005 paper. We will show that pragmatism is consistent with a view that we call modest epistemological pluralism. Thus, pragmatists can be pluralists. However, contemporary classicalists should beware. Our argument shows that pragmatism and pluralism are consistent, not that they are intrinsically allied. More importantly, the modest epistemological pluralism is not the pluralism that contemporary classicalists seem most eager to embrace. The argument proceeds in six steps. First, we dispense with a common but unacceptable conception of pluralism. Second, we identify what pluralism must assert. Third, we distinguish different varieties of pluralism. Fourth, we argue that pragmatists must reject all pluralisms except for what we term modest epistemological pluralism. Fifth, we discuss the prospects for pragmatist-friendly modest epistemological pluralism. Finally, we address the concern that modest epistemological pluralism is not practically distinguishable from monism.
Dictionary Entry | Posted 06/03/2016
Quote from "Letter to J. H. Kehler"

I will venture to guess that you will be surprised to learn […] how true it is that a habit can be acquired by imaginary practice. Out of such considerations, which turn, as if upon a pivot, about the idea that a thought is nothing but a habit connected with a sign, one can build up quite a little philosophy which is what I meant by “pragmatism.”

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Dictionary Entry | Posted 02/03/2016
Quote from "Letters to Paul Carus"

Pragmatism or the doctrine of pragmatic clarification […] consists in a clear conception of that Habit of Conduct in which any given concept would work out its actualization.

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